Fire Fighting in Canada

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First Nation chief says fire should spur action

March 31, 2016 - A First Nations chief says the deaths of nine people in a house fire on a remote northern Ontario reserve should spur the federal government to improve what he says are third-world conditions on dozens of reserves across the country.

"We can't let these people die in vain,'' said regional Chief Isadore Day with the Chiefs of Ontario.

"There should be a direct and immediate response to this situation. This is typical across all First Nations that are living in third-world conditions.''

A blaze erupted in a family home late Tuesday night on Pikangikum First Nation, killing six adults and three children.

A fundraising page established by a community member identified the dead as Gilbert and Annette Strang, their daughter Faith, Faith's husband Dietrich Peters, and the younger couple's three children – Ireland, 4, Aubree, 2, and Amber, who was just eight months old.

The Strang's son Gilbert and his wife Sylvia Peters also died in the blaze, it said.

Previous inquests into similar tragedies have highlighted the challenges facing remote northern reserves such as Pikangikum.

Homes are dilapidated, not built to comply with any modern code, and often don't have running water, let alone a smoke detector. There are often several generations of families sharing a tiny bungalow, heightening the potential toll fires can take when they break out.

"Most homes are simply a death trap,'' Day said.

When fires erupt, they spread quickly and communities are often woefully unprepared to respond. Many don't have fire trucks and rely on water trucks which provide the same kind of pressure as a garden hose. If a community is lucky enough to have a fire truck, both inquests and internal government reports have found, there are often not enough trained volunteers to operate it properly.

In Pikangikum, Day said more than 90 per cent of homes don't have running water.

"Is there going to be a fire hydrant outside? No, there isn't.''

An internal federal government report examining insurance coverage for First Nations communities, obtained by The Canadian Press through Access to Information legislation, found almost half the First Nations across Canada have "little to no fire protection'' and rely too heavily on poorly trained volunteer firefighters who can't do the job.

The 2011 report found fire incidence rates for First Nations are 2.4 times higher than for the rest of Canada. First Nations residents are also 10 times more likely to die in a house fire than someone living off reserve.

Last year, a Manitoba judge examining the deaths of three children and a grandfather in house fires on remote northern reserves recommended all First Nations communities have 911 service. Judge Tracey Lord also recommended better co-ordinated firefighting training for First Nations communities and greater priority of fire safety inspections.

Federal NDP critic Charlie Angus, who represents a vast northern Ontario riding, said inquests into similar fires in Ontario have also laid out a road map to prevent future tragedies.

"It needs political will,'' he said. "What we need out of this tragedy is a message that the days of leaving the safety of children to chance are over.''



Here's a look at some other high-profile deadly fires on reserves:

February 2009: Hope Richard, 9, dies when the house she shares with 12 other people catches fire in Sandy Bay, Man.

May 2009: Tristan Marcus Taylor-Mousseau, 5, dies in a house fire in Sandy Bay, Man. There were 12 people living in the house at the time.

January 2010: Edward Redhead, 11, dies in a house fire in Shamattawa, Man. No one could find the fire chief and no one realized the boy was missing until several days later.

January 2011: Errabella Harper, 2 1/2 months, dies in a house fire in St. Theresa Point, Man. The community's fire truck was broken with no fire hoses and no one knew where the keys were.

January 2011: Daphne Benjoe, 41, dies in a house fire on the Roseau River reserve in Manitoba. Firefighters were left without water to battle the blaze, because the community's fire hydrants were frozen, not having had their annual maintenance the previous year.

March 2011: Demus James, 73, and his grandchildren Throne Kirkness, 2, and Kayleigh Okemow, 3, die in a fire in God's Lake Narrows, Man. The community didn't have a fire truck and tried to battle the flames with two water trucks.

March 2013: A 14-year-old boy and a three-year-old child are orphaned after a house fire kills their parents on the Wasagamack reserve in Manitoba. The reserve didn't have a fire dispatch service because of funding cuts.

February 2015: Harley Cheenanow, 2, and his 18-month-old sister Haley are killed in a house fire on the Makwa Sahgaiehcan reserve in Saskatchewan. The reserve had a working fire truck, but had never used it, because it wasn't properly equipped and no one was trained. The band had hired the volunteer fire department in a neighbouring village of Loon Lake, but was cut off services. The village said the band had stopped paying its bills.

March 31, 2016
By The Canadian Press